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THE MOUSE

小老鼠

Posted July 18, 2013, 2:19:00 PM    ∙    By System Admin    ∙    0 Comment    ∙    11229 Views
HEALTH THREAT
Mouse droppings and urine can spread the Hantavirus to humans, transmit salmonella and are most widely known for spreading the bubonic plague.
PROPERTY THREAT
Mice can cause structural damage by nesting inside walls, and constantly gnawing on wiring, drywall and fabric.
Although mice are known for living in filth and nesting in condemned, dilapidated buildings, many homeowners make the mistake of thinking their homes are impervious to these enduring pests. However, rats and mice go wherever food and shelter exist. Meaning even the newest, cleanest homes are at risk for an infestation. Rats and Mice put your family at risk by getting into your food supply, then contaminating it with their waste, causing damage to property by digging and gnawing, biting people and family pets, and most dangerously of all, they transport parasites such as fleas, mites and worms, spreading disease.

Signs of a Mouse Infestation

  • Small pellet shaped feces, pointed and both ends
  • Mice follow the same paths, outside look for small trails, cleared of debris
  • Indoors, look for greasy runways along stairs, walls and rafters
  • Mouse urine will shine as bluish to yellowish white, under any type of black light.
  • You may be able to hear them inside walls, squeaking, running or climbing

MOST COMMMON TYPES OF MICE

Deer Mouse

ALSO KNOWN AS: Field mouse
Deer mice are named for the color of their fur, which is the same as the fur color of the whitetail deer. Deer mice roam rural areas that are abundant with tall grass to hide in, vegetation to eat and weeds. Deer mice usually enter yards looking for seeds and insects to feed on, then eventually move into human homes.

Traits of a Deer Mouse

  • Length: Up to seven inches
  • Color: Bi-colored, ranges from a reddish or yellowish brown to a gray color with a white underbelly
  • Ears: Round and almost hairless
  • Tail: Brown at the tip with a white base

House Mouse

THREAT: Causes property damage & transmits salmonella and bubonic plague.
The House Mouse is named for its fondness to infest human homes. Although the house mouse is often made into a domestic pet, these wild house mice still pose the same threat as their less attractive cousins, the rat. Both can spread disease by leaving behind waste, cause property damage and contaminate your food supply.

Traits of a House Mouse

  • Length: Three to four inches
  • Color: Light brown or grayish black with lighter underbellies
  • Ears: Small, almost hairless
  • Tail: Used for support when standing on its two hind legs
  • Communicates with squeaks

Signs of a Flea Infestation:

  • Bites on the ankles
  • Bites are pink, itchy bumps that go away fairly soon
  • Small flat insects that jump-usually found in bedding or areas of rest
  • Eggs not on hosts (such as animals) but in/on the sleeping areas of hosts
健康上的威胁
小老鼠的粪便和尿液可以传播汉他病毒给人类,传播沙门氏菌和最广为人知的传播腺鼠疫。
物业上的威胁
小老鼠会在内壁筑巢,經常地啃咬电线,石膏板及布料导致结构损坏。
虽然小老鼠是众所周知的生活在污物和筑巢在不適於居住的,日久失修的楼宇,许多业主误会他们的家园是不受这些持續存在的害虫影響的。然而,小老鼠会去存在食物和住處的地方。这意味着即使是最新的,最干净的房子有侵扰的风险。小老鼠把你的家人处于危险之中通过进入你的粮食,然后用它的排泄物污染,通过挖掘和啃咬造成财产损失,咬人及家庭宠物,也是最危险的是,它们运送寄生虫,如跳蚤,螨虫和蠕虫,传播疾病。

小老鼠出没的迹象

  • 小颗粒形的粪便,两头显尖状。
  • 小老鼠遵循相同路径,看看外面的小步道,清除杂物。
  • 在室内,寻找油腻跑道随着楼梯,墙壁和椽子。
  • 在任何类型的黑光下,尿液会发蓝至黄白色光。
  • 你可能会听到它们内壁,发出吱吱声,跑步或攀爬。

最常见的小老鼠类型

鹿鼠

又名:田鼠
被命名为鹿鼠是因其皮毛的颜色,这是与白尾鹿的皮毛颜色一样的。鹿鼠游荡在农村地区那里有着丰富与高的草可隐藏, 可吃的植物和杂草。鹿鼠通常进入院子里为食寻找种子和昆虫,然后最终进入人类的家园。

鹿鼠的特征

  • 长度:高达七寸
  • 颜色:双色,范围从红或黄棕色到灰色, 腹部白色
  • 耳朵:圆并且几乎无毛
  • 尾巴:白色底与棕色顶端

家鼠

威胁:造成财产损失和传播沙门氏菌和腺鼠疫。
被命名家鼠是因对于它喜爱侵扰人类的家园。虽然家鼠往往成为家庭的宠物,这些野生小家鼠仍构成同样的威胁如它们缺乏吸引力表亲, 大鼠。两者可以通过留下的排泄物传播疾病,造成财产损失和污染粮食。

家鼠的特征

  • 长度:3〜4英寸
  • 颜色:浅棕色或灰黑色,在腹部下方有淡淡的颜色
  • 耳朵:小,几乎无毛
  • 尾巴:在它的两条后腿站立时,用作支撑
  • 使用吱吱声沟通
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