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MOLD

霉菌

Posted July 18, 2013, 2:28:00 PM    ∙    By System Admin    ∙    0 Comment    ∙    11619 Views
HEALTH THREAT
Mold spores can contimate food, be inhaled into our lungs or absorbed through our skin, causing allergic reactions, chronic fatique, headaches, nosebleeds and loss of short term memory.
PROPERTY THREAT
Mold gradually damages any surface it can grow on, including strucutral walls, carpet, furniture and ceilings.

WHAT IS MOLD?

A fungus found both indoors and outdoors
There are tens of thousands different breeds of mold
Mold thrives in warm, damp, humid conditions
Mold spread rapidly through spores that travel through the air

WHERE IS MOLD MOST COMMONLY FOUND?

Anywhere humidity is high, such as above showers, basements, ventilated dirt crawl spaces and near plumbing.

SIGNS OF A MOLD INFESTATION

  • Visible mold growth on walls that appear cottony, velvet, granular or leathery
  • Color can vary from white, gray, brown, black, yellow or green

MOLD PREVENTION TIPS

  • Vacuum and clean regularly to remove possible sources of mold growth, especially in bathrooms.
  • Repair water leaks in roof, windows and all other areas as soon as they are detected
  • Clear all gutters and downsprouts regularly so debris does not block the flow of water off your roof.
  • Do not place gardens or plants too close to the foundation to prevent plant water from seeping in.
  • Always use exhaust fans in kitchens and bathrooms when producing a lot of moisture, such as showering or boiling water.
  • Ensure your attic is properly insulated and ventilated
  • Cover soil in crawlspaces with waterproof polyethylene plastic. If your crawl space is ventilated, close the vents during the summer months, and open them in the winter.

COMMON TYPES OF MOLD

Penicillium

  • LOCATION: Air conditioning systems, soil and decaying food.
  • HEALTH THREAT: Allergic reactions.

Cladosporium

  • LOCATION: Food, dead plants, fiberglass and air ducts
  • HEALTH THREAT: Causes nail fungus, asthma, heart and lung conditions, and skin rashes.

Memnoniella

  • LOCATION: Cotton, paper and wood.
  • HEALTH THREAT: Toxic to humans and animals

Stachybotrys

  • LOCATION: Inside walls and the back of ceilings.
  • HEALTH THREAT: Causes cancer, asthma and headaches.

Mucor

  • LOCATION: Soil, animal droppings and dust.
  • HEALTH THREAT: People with low immune systems can develop lung infections.

Alternaria

  • LOCATION: Soil and plants
  • HEALTH THREAT: Causes allergic reactions such as hay fever and asthma attacks.
健康上的威胁
霉菌孢子会污染食物,被吸入到我们的肺部,或通过我们的皮肤吸收,引起过敏性反应,慢性疲劳,头痛,鼻出血和短期记忆丧失。
物业上的威胁
霉菌慢慢地破坏它可以生长的任何表面上,包括结构的墙壁,地毯,家具和天花板。

什么是霉菌?

一种可在室内和室外发现的真菌。
有数以万计的不同霉菌品种。
霉菌生长在温暖,受潮,潮湿的环境下。
霉菌透过孢子通过空气迅速传播。

哪里是霉菌最常见的?

任何地方湿度较高,如淋浴器上面,地下室,污垢通风管道空间和靠近管道。

霉菌为害的征兆

  • 霉斑生长在似棉絮, 丝绒, 粒状或皮革的墙壁
  • 颜色变化从白色,灰色,棕色,黑色,黄色或绿色

预防霉菌提示

  • 吸尘和定期清洁,以去除可能的霉菌生长的来源,特别是在浴室。
  • 一旦它们被检测到,尽快修理漏水的屋顶,窗户和所有其他领域。
  • 经常清除所有排水沟和落水管这样碎片不会阻塞水流过你的屋顶。
  • 不要把花园或植物置太近地基,以防止植物水渗入。
  • 在厨房和浴室产生大量的水分时,请务必使用排气扇,如淋浴或沸水中。
  • 确保你的阁楼正确隔离和通风。
  • 覆盖土壤和防水聚乙烯塑料在管道空间。如果你的管道空间是用作通风,在夏季关闭通风口,而在冬天打开它们。

常见的霉菌类型

青霉

  • 地点:空调系统,土壤和腐烂的食物
  • 健康威胁:过敏反应

枝孢菌

  • 地点:食品,枯死的植物,玻璃纤维和空气管道
  • 健康威胁:造成灰指甲,气喘,心脏和肺部疾病,和皮疹。

刺黑乌霉菌

  • 地点:棉,纸和木材。
  • 健康威胁:对人类和动物有毒性的

葡萄穗霉菌

  • 地点:墙壁内和天花板的背面。
  • 健康威胁:导致癌症,哮喘和头疼。

毛霉

  • 地点:土壤,动物粪便和灰尘。
  • 健康威胁:具有低免疫系统的人士可发展成肺部感染。

链格孢菌

  • 地点:土壤和植物
  • 健康威胁:造成过敏反应,如花粉热和哮喘发作。
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