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THE RAT

大鼠

Posted July 18, 2013, 2:35:00 PM    ∙    By System Admin    ∙    0 Comment    ∙    12409 Views
HEALTH THREAT
Rat droppings and urine can spread the Hantavirus to humans, transmit salmonella and are most widely known for spreading the bubonic plague.
PROPERTY THREAT
Rats can cause more property damage than mice. Due to their larger build and teeth, they cause structural damage by nesting inside walls, and constantly gnawing on wiring, drywall and fabric.
Although rats are known for living in filth and nesting in condemned, dilapidated buildings, many homeowners make the mistake of thinking their homes are impervious to these enduring pests. However, rats and mice go wherever food and shelter exist. Meaning even the newest, cleanest homes are at risk for an infestation. Rats and Mice put your family at risk by getting into your food supply, then contaminating it with their waste, causing damage to property by digging and gnawing, biting people and family pets, and most dangerously of all, they transport parasites such as fleas, mites and worms, spreading disease.

MOST COMMMON TYPES OF RATS

Norway Rat

The Norway Rat is the most common rat in human homes and is also known as brown rat, common rat, sewer rat, Hanover rat, Norway rat, Norwegian rat, or wharf rat. This rodent is the most widely known species of rat around the world.

Traits of a Norway Rat

  • The fur is coarse and usually brown or dark grey, with a lighter underbelly
  • The tail is the same length as the body

Roof Rat

The roof rat is named for its ability to climb and flee upwards when approached. This common predator found around the world is also known as The Black Rat, Asian black rat, Ship Rat, House Rat, Alexandrine Rat and the Old English Rat. The roof rat is most notorious for causing the spread of such fatal diseases as the bubonic plague and typhus.

Traits of a Roof Rat

  • Ability to climb or tendency to flee upwards
  • A longer tail than its body
  • Usually black to light brown color with a lighter underbelly
健康上的威胁
老鼠的粪便和尿液可以传播汉他病毒给人类,传播沙门氏菌和最广为人知的传播腺鼠疫。
物业上的威胁
大鼠比小鼠可引起更多的财产损失。由于其较大的結構和牙齿,它们会在内壁筑巢,經常地啃咬电线,石膏板及布料导致结构损坏。
虽然老鼠是众所周知的生活在污物和筑巢在不適於居住的,日久失修的楼宇,许多业主误会他们的家园是不受这些持續存在的害虫影響的。然而,大鼠和小鼠会去存在食物和住處的地方。这意味着即使是最新的,最干净的房子有侵扰的风险。大鼠和小鼠把你的家人处于危险之中通过进入你的粮食,然后用它的排泄物污染,通过挖掘和啃咬造成财产损失,咬人及家庭宠物,而在所有中最危险的是,它们运送寄生虫,如跳蚤,螨虫和蠕虫,传播疾病。

最常见的大鼠类型

挪威鼠

挪威鼠是在人类家园最常见的鼠和也被称为棕鼠,家鼠,溝鼠,汉诺威大鼠,挪威鼠,挪威大鼠或码头鼠。这种啮齿动物是全世界最广为人知种的老鼠。

挪威鼠的特征

  • 毛皮粗糙,通常是棕色或暗灰色,腹部下方有淡淡的棕色或浅灰色
  • 尾巴与身体一样长

屋顶鼠

屋顶鼠被命名对于走近时它爬而逃向上的能力。这个世界上常见的捕食者也被称为黑鼠,亚洲黑鼠,船鼠,家鼠,亚历山大鼠和古英鼠。屋顶鼠是最臭名昭著,造成传播致命的疾病如鼠疫与斑疹伤寒。

屋顶鼠的特征

  • 能够攀爬或倾向于向上逃离
  • 它的尾巴比身体较长
  • 通常黑色至浅棕色, 腹部下方有淡淡的棕色或浅灰色
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